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“Diane... Entering the town of Twin Peaks.”

Down The Snowshoe Rabbit Hole: The Major Connections Between Twin Peaks and Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

Were David Lynch and Mark Frost inspired by Lewis Carroll? Celia goes down the 'snowshoe' rabbit hole to uncover the secret connections between Twin Peaks and Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
This post was published a while ago. Please keep its age in mind and if you find any errors, feel free to comment.

Celia Quinnette

This is a guest post by Celia Quinnette. Celia is a Brooklyn-based creative currently working as a digital producer at sundance.tv. You can check out her blog Twin Peaks & Wonderland and follow her on Twitter at @ceeeliaq.

Recently I’ve become really annoying to be around after having a drink because I can’t stop opening my mouth about what feels like the biggest secret no one has really talked about related to Twin Peaks, which is how it relates to Alice in Wonderland. Even sites that have revisited the series episode-by-episode like AV Club and Badass Digest have omitted this! This is a major missing piece, y’all! And I’m all, “Guys, remember that show from the ’90s?! Guess what, I have a lot of things to say about it and I’m going to tell you even if you don’t care! I’m the only one in the world who knows this secret guys! Now listen to me rant!” People have either seemed A) doubtful about the connection; B) interested but skeptical; C) shocked by my fierce bulging eyes. I’ve had ants in my pants wanting to get this out there, and I’m really excited to share some of the many observations that I’ve made here with people who will understand me on Welcome to Twin Peaks!

Characters in David Lynch movies often lose themselves in a dreamlike world not too far off from our own reality. Part comical, part dark, twisted or off-kilter, and part hysteria, Lynch forces viewers to make sense of what may seem on the surface to be over-saturated nonsense. But of course, that’s part of Lynch’s evocative style, which boils together moral symbolism with surrealistic people and places, like a very twisted children’s fantasy. This is especially present in Blue Velvet, Mulholland Drive and Wild at Heart. All three are connected to The Wizard of Oz in various ways. These three movies are amazingly different and yet all borrow from the same children’s story — and if that doesn’t make your little baby heart skip a beat, you’re a damn philistine.

Lynch’s corruption of children’s allegory does not stop with The Wizard of Oz. While thinking about Lynch’s obsession with Dorothy and trying to plug Twin Peaks into that paradigm, I was excited to realize Twin Peaks is completely borrowing from the world and characters of Alice in Wonderland. After some internet searching, I realized that others had already made slight, blanketed connections to Through the Looking Glass (Lewis Carroll‘s sequel to Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland), and I realized that, as usual, I am not the only genius in the world like I naturally thought myself to be. But, mostly all I found on the internet were vague connections — nothing with the details of how it’s all related. And guys — there are so many details to get excited about!

So, my main personal goal lately has been to avoid responsibilities of real life by uncovering the secrets of Twin Peaks’ relationship to Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass. Join me as we venture down the rabbit hole. Here we go!

Alice in Wonderland versus Twin Peaks

“Asleep” by a tree trunk

As I’m sure many of you know, the Twin Peaks pilot begins with the discovery of Laura Palmer’s dead body. After leaving to go fishing, Pete Martell discovers Laura’s body on the sandbank of the river, laying at the base of a — very large — tree trunk. In Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Alice similarly falls asleep on a bank. Though the tree trunk is not mentioned in the books, it is a visual element in the Disney movie Alice in Wonderland — at the base of a tree is where Alice nods off and embarks on her journey into dreamland. I find the extremely large size of the tree where Laura’s body lay interesting as well, because in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Alice is constantly shrinking and growing based on what she consumes. And Laura’s body looks so oddly tiny laying next to that gigantic tree trunk.

Laura Palmer's body wrapped in plastic by a tree trunk

The White Rabbit is found

Ok, this one is THE one, you guys. My heart skipped a beat when I heard Agent Dale Cooper say it in the pilot. Before the town meeting where Cooper is introduced, Cooper tells Sheriff Harry S. Truman that he thinks he saw a cottontail rabbit. Truman informs him, “It must have been a snowshoe rabbit.” Cooper’s facial expressions infer a childlike wonder whenever he learns something new about Twin Peaks, or tries food or coffee he loves.

Must have been a snowshoe rabbit

OH FYI, EVERYONE… A snowshoe rabbit looks like this:

Snowshoe rabbit

Snowshoe Hare, NPS Photo by Tim Rains via Flickr (CC License)

Put a little waistcoat on that fella and give him a good pocket watch, and we have ourselves the infamous White Rabbit, which Alice follows down the rabbit hole. Go ahead, I can wait while your little itty bitty hearts do a tap dance.

Alice in Wonderland: White Rabbit


Dinah vs. Diane

Dinah, my dear! I wish you were down here with me!

—Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

When we first meet Agent Cooper, he’s talking to himself… well, not quite to himself. He’s talking into his recorder, which will later be sent to his assistant Diane (who we never meet). This behavior mimics what Alice does with her cat named Dinah when she is not in Wonderland — she talks to it as if it’s a person while that cat (obviously) does not respond. Often, also, while Alice is in Wonderland without Dinah, she is making reference to Dinah and taking mental note out loud of what to tell Dinah later. Also, since we never actually meet Cooper’s Diane, she remains unresponsive in conversation, just like a cat would. On the Twin Peaks wiki, Diane’s page says, “Some fans theorize that she doesn’t even exist and is Cooper’s way of coping with the loss of Caroline.” Interesting since Alice talking to a cat is way of her coping with her own boredom. We also get to hear what Alice and what Cooper are thinking internally with these devices, both on the surface and psychologically speaking. Worth mentioning also that Dinah and Diane have the same amount of letters, and are very similar names!

Dale Cooper opening scene: Diane...

Growing and shrinking: too big for the house

In Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Alice eats and drinks a variety of things to shrink or grow in order to be the right size for the adventure she approaches or the obstacle that stands in her way. This scene from the Twin Peaks pilot in particular, with Johnny Horne positioned like a large human looking into a small house — especially in the shot from inside the dollhouse — is reminiscent of when Alice grows too tall for the Rabbit’s house in Wonderland. She gets stuck inside of it. To go a bit further, we could say that Johnny is emotionally stuck on the fact that Laura Palmer is not coming to dinner, which he is projecting onto the house by beating his head on it repeatedly.

Johnny Horne's dollhouse

Alice in Wonderland in Rabbit's house (Sir John Tenniel)

The Hatter’s food groups

In the same scene, Audrey and her mother sit at the table with tea, bread and butter. These three specific foods are the exact foods that are on the table at the Hatter’s tea party in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland:

Alice did not quite know what to say… so she helped herself to some tea and bread-and-butter.

The Hatter's food groups

Alice at Mad Hatter's tea party (Sir John Tenniel)

That gum you like: poetry and riddles

Through the darkness of future past
The magician longs to see.
One chants out between two worlds
Fire walk with me.
—Twin Peaks

Poetry and riddles come up constantly in Twin Peaks just as they do in Alice’s stories. Alice is endlessly being asked to recite or listen to poems and songs, many of them being nonsensical in her dreamworld. Similarly, Cooper’s detective work revolves around trying to solve the riddles with which he is confronted, both in real life and in his dreams — from visits by the riddle-master Giant, to the “Fire Walk with Me” poem, to the Red Room’s “Sometimes my arms bend back” and “That gum you like is going to come back in style.” Which leads me to…

The way in which Lynch filmed the unsettling dream-world of the Red Room in The Black Lodge is also relevant in this respect. The nightmarish effect that Lynch achieves was produced by having the actors say their lines and do all of their movements backwards — which Lynch then reversed back to normal in post. In Through the Looking Glass, after Alice passes through the mirror and into the dream world, she discovers a book with a nonsensical poem inside that is seemingly written in gibberish, until she realizes that books are just written backwards on the opposite side of the mirror. She holds it up to a “looking glass” (mirror), and the words all go the right way again. Sound familiar? That’s the same start-in-reverse-then-reverse-again-to-look-normal technique mentioned above that Lynch used to create the Red Room scenes in The Black Lodge!

sevot yhtils eht dna ,gillirb sawT’
ebaw eht ni elbmig dna eryg diD
,sevogorob eht erew ysmim llA
.ebargtuo shtar emom eht dnA

She puzzled over this for some time, but at last a bright thought struck her. ‘Why, it’s a Looking-glass book, of course! And if I hold it up to a glass, the words will all go the right way again.’ This was the poem that Alice read.

‘Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.”
—Through the Looking Glass

That gum you like is going to come back in style.

A kingdom full of cards

Cards play a major role in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Personified cards march around obeying orders from The Queen of Hearts — a known terror that commands the slightest offense is deserving of her catchphrase, “Off with their heads!” In Twin Peaks, who also throws icy tantrums and bosses people around to do her bidding? Catherine Packard Martell. As referenced in the GIF I made below, she fires someone mercilessly in the pilot, just because she is in a bad mood. She even has the red hair to match the red hearts color!

Catherine Martell fires Fred Truax

Expanding more on the theme of cards, One-Eyed Jack’s (referencing the royal card that only shows one eye) in Twin Peaks is the casino/whorehouse in which the females are adorned in playing cards as part of their costume. They wear them in their hair and on their dresses. Audrey at one point is even dressed up with the Queen of Diamonds sewed to the front of her costume, as if she too is personifying a playing card straight out of Alice’s dreams.

Greeter at One-Eyed Jack's

The 52 Pick-up Girls at One-Eyed Jack's

Audrey Horne in One-Eyed Jacks: Queen of Diamonds

White Rabbit as herald (Sir John Tenniel)

BOB vs. the Cheshire Cat

I’ll leave you with this final character connection… What grins widely, stares, creeps around and appears at random? Both the Cheshire Cat and BOB!


Have fun sleeping tonight with that image!

Read my posts on Twin Peaks & Wonderland in order:

Bonus: “Don’t Go There” by Traumatron

Traumatron (Colin Newman)’s alternative poster for Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me seems to channel the Sir John Tenniel‘s original illustration of Alice discovering a tiny door behind a curtain. The image is available as a poster (and other items).

Don't Go There / Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me by Traumatron

Founder and curator of Welcome to Twin Peaks since 2011. Bobsessed since March 1991.

What's your response to this?


  1. Jacopo says:

    Moreover: COOPER + ALICE in Wonderland = ALICE COOPER!

    (Just kidding, this interpretation is really interesting)

  2. Erika says:

    What a great read! Have sent it to all my Twin Peaks fan friends.

  3. Dwight Fry says:

    Also, Julee Cruise played the Queen of Hearts in a video version.

  4. Tyrannth says:

    My husband just pointed out that he agrees with all parts except one… Diane has to be real because anytime Cooper asks Diane to do something, it gets done….

    Earplugs, anyone?

  5. Jacopo says:

    I thought that the deleted scenes of FWWM made clear that Diane actually exists! In one of the scenes in Philadelphia we can see Cooper talking to her, even though we never actually see or hear her.

  6. Arjan Hut says:

    Diane is a fictional character in a fictional setting. Says my log.

  7. Dave J. says:

    Why does it take so long for someone to point this out? The one eyed jacks thing should have jumped out at us.

  8. Trey says:

    It not a tree trunk. It’s a rock.

  9. Ashley says:

    This was awesome! I would love to know if the similarities were intentional or just an amazing coincidence.

  10. Melissa R says:

    Not to be forgotten: The tag on one of Dr. Jacoby’s little umbrellas reads “August 9th 1974. I first lay eyes on Mimsy” recalling the line from Jabberwocky “all mimsy were the borogroves”.

    I had a wonderful cat named Mimsy from 1997-2014 named after Jacoby’s dear one.

  11. Tom B says:

    There’s another pretty obvious playing card connection – Windom Earle uses the four queens as representations of the four young women who feature in his plans. And while we’re on the subject of Earle, his chess game with Cooper could be said to mirror the chess game in Alice.

  12. Jules says:

    Interesting connection she makes her, but I am really annoyed by the way she writes. Why does every young American write nowadays think (s)he has to speak in this Californian teenage vocabulary… Where are the times when writers putted effort in using professional language, “y’all”?

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